Ceramics is the most widespread
material found in the archaeological research in Ryahovetz.
Chronologically , the earliest ceramics , found in the fortress , belongs to the two
phases of the Iron Epoch . Amongst the found objects predominate the number
of the large vessels (urns).They are hand-made .Their walls are thick and the
handles are in pagan-style.The clay dough contains a great amount of sand admixture . The vessels are coloured in brownish to black .
The pottery from the Early Iron Epoch is found mainly in the southern
and northern slopes of the fortress hill . Near the
northern gate is discovered a part of a lodging a dug-out
. The walls of the Medieval fortress are built over it
The ceramics from the Late Iron Epoch is done on a potter`s wheel and
its colour is gray - cement . The variety of vessels
from that period is great . There are jugs , stalked dishes , large flat baking plates and others .
There are a lot of potteries belonging to the period of the
Ceramics from the Early Byzantine period is presented by two types
kitchen pottery ( grayish black coloured , made
from clay dough mixed with quartz granules ) and vessels for goods ( amphoras
with crest like ornaments ) . The amphoras are usually egg shaped with rounded
bottoms .The amphoras` walls are decorated with crest ornament . They are
similar to those found in the region of Veliko Turnovo and others belonging
to the Early Byzantine period .
The ceramics dated from the Early Middle ages period is represented only by
vessels with engraved ornaments . These vessels are brown clay pots . They are decorated with exuberant combinations of
straight and wavy engraved lines , which are mainly
done on the upper part of the pots . The bottoms are marked by relief signs , which are typical for the works made on slow
potter`s wheel . This kind of ceramics is met mostly in the southern foot of
the hill . From that period is another interesting
object a horn amulet , decorated with bird
eye ornament .
There is a great number of ceramics from the period of the Byzantine
Domination ( XI XII centuries ) . The vessels
found there reveal the transition from slow to fast potter`s wheel . The typical vessels from the mentioned period are
not rich in ornaments they are decorated only on the neck and upper parts . Some of the potteries are with golden decorations
and are imported from Byzantia .
The ceramics from the
To the household ceramics from Ryahovitza belong :
pots , jars and jugs , cups, dishes , bowls , baking plates (gyuvechi ) ;
containers for food and liquids, candle holders .